The abbreviation “OBGYN” refers to the medical specialties of obstetrics and gynaecology. Obstetrics is a branch of medicine that prepares doctors to care for pregnant women and carry infants. Gynecology is a branch of medicine that teaches doctors how to detect and handle problems with women’s reproductive organs. Since all specialties deal with the structure, operation, and pathophysiology of the female reproductive tract, medical doctors also practise in both at the same time. OBGYN physicians handle all patients, whether or not they are pregnant or intending to become pregnant, surgically and non-surgically. To learn more about this check it out
Though female doctors are more general, there are also several male doctors who practise obgyn medicine. Perinatology, sexual endocrinology, oncology, pelvic reconstructive surgery, family planning, infant or juvenile gynaecology, or menopausal gynaecology are also specialties of obstetric or gynaecological medicine doctors.
Perinatology is a branch of medicine that specialises on the mother’s and fetus’s wellbeing, with a concentration on high-risk maternity care and foetal surgery. Perinatologists’ key aim is to minimise morbidity and mortality for both mother and infant before and after childbirth.
Infertility may be difficult to learn, diagnose, manage, or cope with, but reproductive endocrinologists can help. Although infertility can be caused by a variety of hormonal, congenital, and anatomical factors, evaluation and therapy concentrate on treatments that can help couples get pregnant. A doctor will perform a number of examinations on an individual and her husband in order to narrow down the cause of infertility and make treatment decisions dependent on the results.
OBGYN oncology is a medical subspecialty that focuses on the surgical and nonsurgical management of cancers that affect the female reproductive organs and urinary tract. Since cancer can spread rapidly, it’s crucial to get medical advice early on to decide the best treatment option. If local excision or systemic chemotherapy is necessary, a well qualified and knowledgeable practitioner may be able to advise and instruct their patient so that they can make better health choices.
Pelvic reconstructive surgery is a popular care option for women suffering from urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse as a result of pregnancy or childbirth. In people with poor pelvic floor muscles, stress incontinence is a typical form of urinary leakage. Pelvic floor exercises are a non-invasive therapy option that has shown to be effective in the long run. Implantation of a pessary or sling is another alternative.
Family planning is a branch of medicine that helps women and families learn about fertility and prepare for abortion or termination of pregnancy. While this area is contentious in some nations, it is an integral aspect of female medicine. If this part of female medical care is not provided, it may hinder a woman’s attempts to care for her body and lead her to pursue unlawful or unsafe treatment.