Stem cells produce more than 30 different types of growth factors and tissue chemicals, all of which aid in the healing process. Austin Stem Cell Therapy has some nice tips on this. Stem cells recruit other local and systemic stem cells to focus on repairing damaged tissue. They also help to modulate the immune system by promoting or inhibiting T-cell function. Stem cells are triggered to move into a specific area by signals from the tissue, which are based on chemical, neural, and mechanical changes.
Despite the fact that stem cells only make up about half of new tissue, hypoxia, or a lack of oxygen, and inflammation are powerful triggers for stem cells to seek out an injury. The initial stem cells recruit and manage other cells to complete the rest of the repair. This is why only very small amounts of stem cells are injected. Because some of the injected cells die and must be removed during the healing process, injecting a large number of stem cells into an injured area can actually slow down the healing process. Stem cells, in ideal circumstances, would respond to injuries and heal them. The animal’s age, fitness level, and the number of free radicals in the body all have an impact on stem cell response. Free radical damage is a threat to all cells, including stem cells. The most promising method for repairing ligament injuries in horses has been discovered. Ligament injuries in a horse’s lower leg are notoriously difficult to heal. To speed up healing and reduce scarring, stem cells extracted from the injured horse’s own fat can be injected directly into the ligament damage area, lowering the risk of re-injury. Although bone marrow is sometimes harvested, in order to increase the number of mesenchymal stem cells, it must be cultured. Another promising stem cell treatment involves increasing the number and activity of the animal’s own stem cells through nutrition. Researchers have discovered nutrients that stimulate and cause stem cell proliferation, just as they discovered beta glucan, a nutrient that stimulates macrophages, which are white blood cells.